Navigating the Coronavirus Pandemic this summer

Mayo Clinic experts urge you to follow four dimensions of safety: Time, space, people, and place.

Posted: Jun 9, 2020 2:18 PM
Updated: Jun 9, 2020 6:09 PM

ROCHESTER, Minn. - As stay-at-home restrictions ease around the country, you may be wondering what risks are associated with certain activities and how you and your family can visit places and still protect your health from COVID-19. Dr. Nipunie Rajapakse, a Mayo Clinic pediatric infectious diseases specialist says there are four dimensions to different activities that she would encourage you to consider as you decide whether something is safe for you or your family.

"Time, space, people and place," says Dr. Rajapakse. "Using that rule, you can think about a few things that might help you determine the risk of a certain activity."

Time

"Shorter activities generally will have a lower risk associated with them," says Dr. Rajapakse. "If we take the example of a restaurant, going to get curb-side pickup or takeout from a restaurant will have a lower risk associated than having a long, three- or four-hour sit down meal at a restaurant."

Space

"Wherever you're planning to go, how much space will you have around you and how much control do you have over that space? We've been recommending the six-foot of distance based on the droplet transmission that COVID is spread." Dr. Rajapakse says, "For example, in a restaurant setting, many restaurants have taken precautions and moved their tables six-feet apart so you're not in close contact with other people. Looking at aspects of space are really important when it comes to transmission of infection."

People

"People refers to how busy the area is. If there's a large crowd of people, your risk of getting infected is going to be higher than in an area where there's few people or no one aside from yourself and your family. If you walk into a restaurant and it's packed full of people, that is probably a high-risk setting and you probably want to avoid places like that," says Dr. Rajapakse.

Whether the other people around are wearing a mask or not, especially when it comes to activities in indoor or enclosed settings, is also an important factor to pay attention to when making a decision.

Place

"Place refers to whether the activity is taking place inside or outside," says Dr. Rajapakse. "We know that transmission is much less likely to occur in outdoor settings. If you go to a restaurant, for example, and you have an option to sit out on a patio rather than inside the restaurant itself, that's another decision you can make to reduce your risk."

Using those four dimensions, Dr. Rajapakse says could be a tool that you can use to assess risk in any situation that you're thinking of as you're making plans outside of your home. Being flexible with your plans and having a Plan B ready if you determine Plan A is too high risk can help avoid disappointment.

Minnesota Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Confirmed Cases: 95659

Reported Deaths: 2056
CountyConfirmedDeaths
Hennepin26960930
Ramsey10911320
Dakota7524126
Anoka6092133
Stearns401024
Washington379955
Scott257433
Olmsted244628
Nobles197116
Blue Earth16996
Wright16327
St. Louis160241
Carver14197
Clay138940
Rice13358
Mower13285
Sherburne115014
Kandiyohi10112
Winona88718
Lyon6954
Waseca6698
Benton5523
Steele5472
Freeborn5424
Nicollet54016
Watonwan5284
Crow Wing51618
Todd4952
Chisago4941
McLeod4882
Le Sueur4674
Otter Tail4414
Beltrami4215
Martin40810
Goodhue3659
Itasca32814
Pine3280
Douglas3102
Polk3054
Isanti2971
Becker2802
Carlton2701
Morrison2492
Dodge2390
Cottonwood2250
Pipestone22510
Chippewa2141
Meeker2022
Wabasha1960
Sibley1923
Brown1912
Yellow Medicine1822
Cass1804
Rock1730
Unassigned17052
Redwood1673
Mille Lacs1643
Murray1642
Renville1518
Jackson1481
Faribault1450
Swift1381
Houston1280
Kanabec1258
Roseau1230
Koochiching1223
Fillmore1200
Pennington1191
Lincoln1110
Hubbard1031
Stevens1031
Pope940
Big Stone820
Aitkin801
Wadena690
Wilkin653
Grant614
Lake590
Lac qui Parle581
Norman540
Marshall521
Mahnomen481
Red Lake451
Traverse310
Clearwater270
Lake of the Woods221
Kittson120
Cook60

Iowa Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Confirmed Cases: 85533

Reported Deaths: 1305
CountyConfirmedDeaths
Polk15872262
Woodbury544764
Johnson512627
Black Hawk448990
Linn4010111
Story344417
Dubuque325741
Scott301128
Dallas278538
Pottawattamie211338
Buena Vista199112
Marshall178434
Sioux16183
Wapello133357
Webster125514
Plymouth114121
Clinton112121
Muscatine110855
Crawford10885
Cerro Gordo105721
Warren9566
Jasper83832
Des Moines7848
Marion7637
Henry7434
Tama71331
Carroll6625
Lee6377
Wright5811
Dickinson5276
Boone5078
Bremer4927
Washington45911
Louisa42915
Mahaska41219
Delaware4023
Floyd3493
Jackson3493
Franklin34818
Winneshiek3356
Clay3264
Lyon3264
Hamilton3223
Benton3101
Winnebago30313
Hardin2991
Poweshiek2958
Buchanan2791
Jones2743
Butler2702
Kossuth2700
Shelby2671
Clarke2653
Emmet26510
Allamakee2616
Clayton2523
Chickasaw2500
Sac2500
Cherokee2492
Cedar2461
Guthrie2456
Fayette2222
Harrison2223
Grundy2203
Madison2192
Iowa2091
Palo Alto2020
Humboldt1903
Mitchell1900
Howard1886
Hancock1842
Calhoun1833
Mills1801
Page1700
Cass1682
Osceola1610
Monroe15911
Pocahontas1592
Lucas1566
Monona1531
Jefferson1381
Appanoose1363
Union1353
Taylor1301
Davis1244
Ida1221
Fremont1180
Van Buren1141
Keokuk1091
Worth1080
Greene1010
Montgomery965
Wayne862
Audubon821
Adair721
Decatur670
Ringgold502
Adams330
Unassigned170
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