Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg had two cancerous nodules removed from her left lung Friday at a New York hospital, the Supreme Court announced.
There is no evidence of any remaining disease, says a court spokesperson, nor is there evidence of disease elsewhere in the body.
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The 85-year-old liberal icon was hospitalized last month after a fall in her office in which she fractured three ribs.
Ginsburg has said that she'll continue to serve on the Supreme Court as long as she's able to do the job. In 1999, Ginsburg underwent surgery for colorectal cancer, and 10 years later she was treated for early stages of pancreatic cancer.
"I said I will do this job as long as I can do it full steam," Ginsburg said Sunday during an interview following a New York City screening of "On the Basis of Sex," a feature film about her years as a young lawyer.
She has also hired law clerks for the next two court terms.
Dubbed the "Notorious RBG," Ginsburg marked 25 years on bench this year since her appointment to the court in 1993.
She has become best known for her opinions related to civil rights issues, including the landmark case opening up the Virginia Military Institute to women. Her dissents in recent years have continued to energize Democrats at a time when Republicans control the executive and legislative branches of government and the Supreme Court moves rightward.
The "Notorious RBG" meme, a play on the late rapper Notorious B.I.G., was created as a response to a 2013 dissent Ginsburg wrote when the court majority issued a milestone decision rolling back voting-rights protections.
President Donald Trump tweeted his well wishes to Ginsburg on Friday night, writing that he wished her "a full and speedy recovery!"
The President also wished her well -- while pointing out their differing viewpoints -- after she fractured her ribs last month.
Before joining the bench, she pushed for women's rights in the 1970s, winning five of her six cases argued before the Supreme Court. She was the second woman to serve on the high court, following Justice Sandra Day O'Connor.
CNN Chief Medical Correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta said that given the time that elapsed between her fall in November and now, it is possible Ginsburg's physicians appeared to believe the situation was not urgent.
"These were discovered back in early November, November 7 when she had that fall. The operation now six weeks later. So there's something important in there that doctors thought it was okay to wait six weeks," Gupta said.
He observed that she might have waited to have the operation at a time when she had several weeks to recover. The justices do not return for official business until January 4.
Ginsburg has appeared often in public since her early November fall.
She attended the Medal of Freedom ceremony on November 16, where the late Justice Antonin Scalia, her best friend on the bench, was among those honored at the White House. She posed for the court's class photo on November 30, attended funeral services for President George H.W. Bush at the Washington National Cathedral on December 5, and was active during Supreme Court arguments the next day on a case involving double jeopardy.
In the past week, Ginsburg spoke at a naturalization ceremony at the National Archives, attended the Washington screening of "On the Basis of Sex," meeting some of the cast, and was spotted sipping champagne at the French ambassador's holiday party last Thursday.
On Saturday, she sat down for an interview with NPR's Nina Totenberg at an event hosted by the Museum of the City of New York. She revealed that she had returned to her physical trainer "immediately" after the fall, but they did "legs only."
Full statement from the court:
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg underwent a pulmonary lobectomy today at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City. Two nodules in the lower lobe of her left lung were discovered incidentally during tests performed at George Washington University Hospital to diagnose and treat rib fractures sustained in a fall on November 7. According to the thoracic surgeon, Valerie W. Rusch, MD, FACS, both nodules removed during surgery were found to be malignant on initial pathology evaluation. Post-surgery, there was no evidence of any remaining disease. Scans performed before surgery indicated no evidence of disease elsewhere in the body. Currently, no further treatment is planned. Justice Ginsburg is resting comfortably and is expected to remain in the hospital for a few days. Updates will be provided as they become available.