NATO Fast Facts

Here's a look at the North Atlantic Treaty Or...

Posted: Mar 26, 2018 11:00 AM
Updated: Mar 26, 2018 11:00 AM

Here's a look at the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), headquartered in Brussels, Belgium.

Facts: The organization's charter states that the signing parties will "seek to promote stability and well-being in the North Atlantic area," and will "unite their efforts for collective defense and for the preservation of peace and security."

April 4, 1949 - Established when 12 nations sign the North Atlantic Treaty in a ceremony in Washington, DC.

2014-present - The current secretary general is Jens Stoltenberg, former prime minister of Norway.

March 15, 2018 - The secretary general's 2017 annual report is published.

READ: How NATO is funded and who pays what.

29 Member Countries:
Albania (2009)
Belgium (1949)
Bulgaria (2004)
Canada (1949)
Croatia (2009)
Czech Republic (1999)
Denmark (1949)
Estonia (2004)
France (1949)
Germany (1955, as West Germany)
Greece (1952)
Hungary (1999)
Iceland (1949)
Italy (1949)
Latvia (2004)
Lithuania (2004)
Luxembourg (1949)
Montenegro (2017)
Netherlands (1949)
Norway (1949)
Poland (1999)
Portugal (1949)
Romania (2004)
Slovakia (2004)
Slovenia (2004)
Spain (1982)
Turkey (1952)
United Kingdom (1949)
United States (1949)

Timeline (selected): April 4, 1949 - The 12 nations of Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States sign the North Atlantic Treaty in Washington, DC.

July 25, 1950 - First meeting of NATO Council Deputies in London. US Ambassador Charles M. Spofford is elected permanent chairman.

December 19, 1950 - General Dwight Eisenhower is appointed the first supreme allied commander.

April 2, 1951 - Allied Command in Europe becomes operational with Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) in Roquencourt, near Paris.

March 12, 1952 - Lord Ismay is named the first secretary general of NATO and appointed vice chairman of the North Atlantic Council.

April 10, 1952 - Allied Command Atlantic (ACLANT) becomes operational, headquartered in Norfolk, Virginia.

April 16, 1952 - NATO establishes its provisional headquarters in Paris at the Palais de Chaillot.

April 28, 1952 - First meeting of the North Atlantic Council in permanent session in Paris.

May 6, 1952 - West Germany joins NATO.

May 14, 1955 - The Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc countries form the Warsaw Pact in response to West Germany joining NATO.

July 26, 1956 - Egypt nationalizes the Suez Canal. France and Great Britain use troops to intervene, against the wishes of the United States, causing a rift in NATO.

August 13, 1961 - The Berlin Wall is erected.

October 22-23, 1963 - NATO and the United States demonstrate the size and speed of emergency forces with 14,500 US troops flown into West Germany for maneuvers.

March 10, 1966 - France formally announces intentions to withdraw from the military structure of NATO, accusing the United States of having too much influence in the organization.

March 31, 1967 - Opening ceremony of new NATO headquarters in Casteau, near Mons, Belgium.

August 14, 1974 - Greece, angered at NATO's response to the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, withdraws from the military arm of NATO.

October 20, 1980 - Greece rejoins the NATO military structure.

May 30, 1982 - Spain joins NATO.

November 9, 1989 - The Berlin Wall comes down.

October 3, 1990 - Germany is reunified after 45 years. With German reunification, East Germany leaves the Warsaw Pact and is incorporated into NATO.

February 11, 1991 - The Warsaw Pact is dissolved.

December 13, 1991 - For the first time, the Soviet Union takes part in meetings at NATO as part of the North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NACC).

December 21, 1991 - Eleven of the republics of the former Soviet Union create a new Commonwealth of Independent States.

December 25, 1991 - The Soviet Union is officially disbanded with the resignation of Mikhail Gorbachev as president and supreme commander-in-chief of Soviet Forces.

February 28, 1994 - NATO forces shoot down four Bosnian Serb planes violating the UN-imposed no-fly zone. It is NATO's first military engagement in almost 50 years of history.

November 21, 1995 - After the Dayton Peace Accords, the war in Bosnia Herzegovina ends.

December 20, 1995 - The United Nations turns over military operations command to NATO's Implementation Force (IFOR).

January 13, 1996 - Russian troops deployed to support IFOR in Bosnia.

May 22, 1997 - NATO and the Russian Federation sign a security and cooperation pact, the "Founding Act" which establishes a NATO-Russia Permanent Joint Council (PJC).

March 24, 1999 - NATO launches air strikes against Yugoslavia to end Serbian aggression in the Kosovo region.

April 4, 1999 - 50th anniversary of the founding of NATO, celebrated in various countries throughout the year.

August 22, 2001 - Operation Essential Harvest, the disarming of ethnic Albanians in Macedonia, begins.

September 12, 2001 - For the first time, NATO invokes Article V, the Washington Treaty, its mutual defense clause, in support of the United States after the terrorist attacks.

May 14, 2002 - The last meeting of the NATO-Russia Permanent Joint Council

May 28, 2002 - NATO and Russia form the NATO-Russia Council (NRC), which makes Russia an associate member of the organization. The NRC replaces the Permanent Joint Council (PJC) that was established in 1997 by the NATO-Russia Founding Act.

November 21-22, 2002 - During the Prague Summit, NATO invites seven former Eastern Bloc countries, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia, to discuss entry into the organization.

December 4, 2002 - Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz speaks before NATO in Brussels and requests that member nations contribute forces to a potential campaign in Iraq.

January 22, 2003 - France and Germany block discussion on war preparations submitted by the United States. The US proposal included provisions for Turkey's defense, the use of NATO equipment, and NATO's postwar role in Iraq.

January 23, 2003 - Secretary General Lord Robertson announces his intention to step down in December.

February 10, 2003 - France, Germany and Belgium block a US request that NATO provide Patriot missiles, Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) aircraft, and other equipment to Turkey. The United States had made the request anticipating that Iraq will retaliate against Turkey in the event of war. Turkey invokes article IV of the NATO charter, which requires the organization as a whole to discuss security threats to any member nation.

February 11, 2003 - A meeting to discuss the standoff over Turkey's defense preparations ends after 20 minutes with no resolution.

February 16, 2003 - NATO comes up with three defensive plans for Turkey, in the event of a US war with Iraq:
- Deployment of NATO Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) aircraft;
- NATO support for the deployment of theatre missile defences for Turkey;
- NATO support for possible deployment of Allied chemical and biological defenses. (from NATO website)

February 19, 2003 - NATO deploys defensive assistance to Turkey in the form of missiles, chemical and biological defense mechanisms, and aircraft, in the event war with Iraq presses forward.

January 5, 2004 - Jaap de Hoop Scheffer of the Netherlands becomes the new secretary general.

March 29, 2004 - NATO is expanded from 19 to 26 members when the seven nations Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia, join in an accession ceremony in Washington, DC. All are former communist states in Eastern Europe.

April 2, 2004 - First meeting of the NATO-Russian Council with 27 members.

August 10, 2004 - NATO Airborne Warning and Control Systems (AWACS) begin patrolling Greek airspace prior to the Olympic and Paralympic games. NATO's presence at the Olympics is nicknamed Distinguished Games and includes AWACS and the Multinational Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear Task Force (MN CBRN TF).

September 14, 2006 - Ukraine announces that it is shelving its aspirations to join NATO, due to opposition by the Ukrainian public and Russia.

April 2-4, 2008 - NATO leaders hold a summit in Bucharest, Romania. Croatia and Albania are invited to join the alliance.

June 17, 2008 - French President Nicolas Sarkozy announces France will soon rejoin NATO's military command, 40 years after it left.

April 3-4, 2009 - The 23rd NATO summit also marks NATO's 60th anniversary. Events are held in Strasbourg, France and Kehl, Germany. During the summit, France rejoins NATO's military command.

August 1, 2009 - Former Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen takes office as the 12th secretary general of NATO.

November 19, 2010 - NATO adopts the Strategic Concept "Active Engagement, Modern Defence" for the next 10 years.

March 24, 2011 - NATO takes command of enforcing a no-fly zone imposed on Libya by the United Nations.

March 29, 2011 - The Council of Europe rules NATO, among others, responsible for the 63 deaths from among 72 African immigrants left adrift for two weeks while attempting to reach European shores from Libya in March 2011.

May 19, 2012 - Demonstrators take to the streets of Chicago prior to the start of the NATO summit. Anti-NATO protests near Mayor Rahm Emanuel's home focus on the cost of the summit to the city and city budget cuts to mental healthcare.

May 20-21, 2012 - The 25th Summit is held in Chicago. During the summit, NATO accepts President Barack Obama's timetable to end the war in Afghanistan by 2014.

March 5, 2014 - In regards to the crisis in Ukraine, Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen announces that NATO has decided to "put the entire range of NATO-Russia cooperation under review" to send "a clear message Russia's actions have consequences."

October 1, 2014 - Jens Stoltenberg becomes secretary general.

December 2, 2015 - NATO extends an official invitation to Montenegro to join the alliance.

February 11, 2016 - Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg announces that NATO is deploying ships to the Aegean Sea to try to deter smugglers from trafficking migrants from Turkey to Greece.

June 5, 2017 - Montenegro officially becomes a member of NATO.

Minnesota Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 593622

Reported Deaths: 7379
CountyCasesDeaths
Hennepin1228171731
Ramsey51446875
Dakota45976452
Anoka41782439
Washington26948283
Stearns22266222
St. Louis17787304
Scott17296124
Wright16082140
Olmsted1325598
Sherburne1173087
Carver1050745
Clay816392
Rice8063107
Blue Earth751541
Crow Wing666290
Kandiyohi656283
Chisago601351
Otter Tail575478
Benton571697
Goodhue478572
Douglas468575
Mower466232
Winona455050
Itasca439156
McLeod424559
Isanti422464
Morrison419660
Nobles408048
Beltrami397059
Steele388715
Polk384868
Becker380953
Lyon361051
Carlton345654
Freeborn342029
Pine329022
Nicollet326243
Brown305440
Mille Lacs305053
Le Sueur292423
Todd282432
Cass273428
Meeker256640
Waseca236322
Martin230732
Roseau209419
Wabasha20613
Hubbard190041
Dodge18513
Renville180343
Redwood174337
Houston171916
Cottonwood165823
Fillmore156510
Wadena155922
Pennington153719
Faribault152419
Chippewa152338
Kanabec144726
Sibley143810
Aitkin135036
Watonwan13289
Rock128319
Jackson121812
Pipestone115926
Yellow Medicine114120
Pope11056
Murray10639
Swift105618
Stevens91411
Marshall88117
Clearwater86916
Koochiching83615
Wilkin81612
Lake81120
Lac qui Parle75322
Big Stone6004
Lincoln5813
Grant5788
Mahnomen5539
Norman5399
Unassigned49293
Kittson48622
Red Lake3977
Traverse3705
Lake of the Woods3253
Cook1640

Iowa Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 367236

Reported Deaths: 5940
CountyCasesDeaths
Polk57666626
Linn20892335
Scott20060241
Black Hawk15824308
Woodbury15138228
Johnson1449183
Dubuque13380208
Dallas1118398
Pottawattamie11132168
Story1062348
Warren577988
Clinton555893
Cerro Gordo540689
Sioux514474
Webster512293
Marshall483075
Muscatine481399
Des Moines458066
Wapello4303122
Buena Vista424840
Jasper419372
Plymouth401280
Lee376055
Marion362875
Jones299057
Henry291937
Carroll285752
Bremer284860
Crawford266240
Boone265034
Benton256655
Washington254050
Dickinson248543
Mahaska230451
Jackson222142
Clay215725
Kossuth215564
Tama209871
Delaware209741
Winneshiek196835
Page192722
Buchanan191432
Cedar190023
Hardin185643
Fayette185141
Wright184737
Hamilton180049
Harrison179673
Clayton169556
Butler165034
Madison162519
Mills162422
Floyd161142
Cherokee158938
Lyon158241
Poweshiek154934
Allamakee151451
Iowa148824
Hancock148434
Winnebago142531
Cass138654
Calhoun138513
Grundy136333
Emmet134240
Jefferson132435
Shelby131137
Sac130419
Union128333
Louisa128149
Appanoose128049
Mitchell126442
Chickasaw124116
Guthrie121530
Franklin120721
Humboldt119126
Palo Alto112823
Howard104622
Montgomery103338
Clarke100224
Unassigned9710
Keokuk96031
Monroe95329
Ida90435
Adair86532
Pocahontas85522
Davis83024
Monona82730
Osceola78716
Greene77710
Lucas77223
Worth7478
Taylor66012
Fremont6229
Decatur6089
Ringgold55824
Van Buren55818
Wayne53923
Audubon51010
Adams3384
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