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Puerto Rico Fast Facts

Here's a look at the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, a self-governing US territory located in the Caribbean....

Posted: Dec 7, 2018 7:31 AM
Updated: Dec 7, 2018 7:31 AM

Here's a look at the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, a self-governing US territory located in the Caribbean.

About Puerto Rico:
(from the CIA World Factbook)

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Area: 9,104 sq km

Population: 3,294,626 (July 2018 est.)

Median age: 42.2 years

Capital: San Juan

Religion: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%

GDP (purchasing power parity): $130 billion (2017 est.)

GDP per capita: $39,400 (2017 est.)

Unemployment: 10.8% (2017 est.)

Other Facts:
The people of Puerto Rico are US citizens. They vote in US presidential primaries, but not in the presidential elections.

First named San Juan Bautista by Christopher Columbus.

Ricardo Rosselló has been the governor since January 2, 2017. The governor is elected by popular vote with no term limits.

Jenniffer González has been the resident commissioner since January 3, 2017. The commissioner serves in the US House of Representatives, but has no vote, except in committees. Gonzalez is the first woman to hold this position.

It is made up of 78 municipalities.

Over 40% of the population lives in poverty, according to 2016 Census estimates.

Puerto Ricans have voted in five referendums on the issue of statehood, in 1967, 1993, 1998, 2012 and 2017. The 2012 referendum was the first time the popular vote swung in statehood's favor. Since these votes were nonbinding, no action had to be taken, and none was. Ultimately, however, Congress must pass a law admitting them to the union.

In addition to becoming a state, options for Puerto Rico's future status include remaining a commonwealth, entering "free association" or becoming an independent nation. "Free association" is an official affiliation with the United States where Puerto Rico would still receive military assistance and funding.

READ MORE: 5 numbers that prove Puerto Rico is still in crisis.

Timeline:
1493-1898 - Puerto Rico is a Spanish colony.

July 25, 1898 - During the Spanish-American War, the United States invades Puerto Rico.

December 10, 1889 - With the signing of the Treaty of Paris, Spain cedes Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States. The island is named "Porto Rico" in the treaty.

April 12, 1900 - President William McKinley signs the Foraker Act into law. It designates the island an "unorganized territory," and allows for one delegate from Puerto Rico to the US House of Representatives with no voting power.

March 2, 1917 - President Woodrow Wilson signs the Jones Act into law, granting the people of Puerto Rico US citizenship.

May 1932 - Legislation changes the name of the island back to Puerto Rico.

November 1948 - The first popularly elected governor, Luis Muñoz Marín, is voted into office.

July 3, 1950 - President Harry S. Truman signs Public Law 600, giving Puerto Ricans the right to draft their own constitution.

October 1950 - In protest of Public Law 600, Puerto Rican nationalists lead armed uprisings in several Puerto Rican towns.

November 1, 1950 - Puerto Rican nationalists Oscar Collazo and Griselio Torresola attempt to shoot their way into Blair House, where President Truman is living while the White House is being renovated. Torresola is killed by police; Collazo is arrested and sent to prison.

June 4, 1951 - In a plebiscite vote, more than three-quarters of Puerto Rican voters approve Public Law 600.

February 1952 - Delegates elected to a constitutional convention approve a draft of the constitution.

March 3, 1952 - Puerto Ricans vote in favor of the constitution.

July 25, 1952 - Puerto Rico becomes a self-governing commonwealth as the constitution is put in place. This is also the anniversary of the United States invasion of Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War.

March 1, 1954 - Five members of the House of Representatives are shot on the House floor; Alvin Bentley, (R-MI), Ben Jensen (R-IA), Clifford Davis (D-TN), George Fallon (D-MD) and Kenneth Roberts (D-AL). Four Puerto Rican nationalists, Lolita Lebron, Rafael Cancel Miranda, Andres Figueroa Cordero and Irving Flores Rodriguez, are arrested and sent to prison. President Jimmy Carter grants Cordero clemency in 1977 and commutes all four of their sentences in 1979.

July 23, 1967 - Commonwealth status is upheld via a status plebiscite.

1970 - The resident commissioner gains the right to vote in committee via an amendment to the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970.

September 18, 1989 - Hurricane Hugo hits the island as a Category 4 hurricane causing more than $1 billion in property damages.

November 14, 1993 - Commonwealth status is upheld via a plebiscite.

September 21, 1998 - Hurricane Georges hits the island causing an estimated $1.75 billion in damage.

August 6, 2009 - Sonia Sotomayor, who is of Puerto Rican descent, is confirmed by the US Senate (68-31). She becomes the third woman and the first Hispanic Supreme Court justice.

November 6, 2012 - Puerto Ricans vote for statehood via a status plebiscite. The results are deemed inconclusive.

August 3, 2015 - Puerto Rico defaults on its monthly debt for the first time in its history, paying only $628,000 toward a $58 million debt.

December 31, 2015 - The first case of the Zika virus is reported on the island.

January 4, 2016 - Puerto Rico defaults on its debt for the second time.

May 2, 2016 - Puerto Rico defaults on a $422 million debt payment.

June 30, 2016 - President Barack Obama signs the Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act (PROMESA), a bill that establishes a seven-member board to oversee the commonwealth's finances. The following day Puerto Rico defaults on its debt payment.

January 4, 2017 - The Puerto Rico Admission Act is introduced to Congress by Rep. Gonzalez.

May 3, 2017 - Puerto Rico files for bankruptcy. It is the largest municipal bankruptcy in US history.

June 5, 2017 - Puerto Rico declares its Zika epidemic is over. The Puerto Rico Department of Health has reported more than 40,000 confirmed cases of the Zika virus since the outbreak began in 2016.

June 11, 2017 - Puerto Ricans vote for statehood via a status plebiscite. Over 97% of the votes are in favor of statehood, but only 23% of eligible voters participate.

September 20, 2017 - Hurricane Maria makes landfall near Yabucoa in Puerto Rico as a Category 4 hurricane. It is the strongest storm to hit the island in 85 years. The energy grid is heavily damaged, with an island-wide power outage.

September 22, 2017 - The National Weather Service recommends the evacuation of about 70,000 people living near the Guajataca River in northwest Puerto Rico because a dam is in danger of failing.

October 3, 2017 - President Donald Trump visits. The trip comes after mounting frustration there with the federal response to the storm. Many residents remain without power and continue to struggle to get access to food and fuel nearly two weeks after the storm hit.

December 18, 2017 - Rosselló orders a review of deaths related to Hurricane Maria as the number could be much higher than than the officially reported number. The announcement from the island's governor follows investigations from CNN and other news outlets that called into question the official death toll of 64.

January 22, 2018 - Rosselló announces that the commonwealth will begin privatizing the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority.

January 30, 2018 - More than four months after Maria battered Puerto Rico, the Federal Emergency Management Agency tells CNN it is halting new shipments of food and water to the island. Distribution of its stockpiled 46 million liters of water and four million meals and snacks will continue. The agency believes that amount is sufficient until normalcy returns.

February 11, 2018 - An explosion and fire at a power substation causes a blackout in parts of northern Puerto Rico, according to authorities.

May 29, 2018 - According to an academic report published in the New England Journal of Medicine, an estimated 4,645 people died in Hurricane Maria and its aftermath in Puerto Rico. The article's authors call Puerto Rico's official death toll of 64 a "substantial underestimate."

August 8, 2018 - Puerto Rican officials say the death toll from Maria may be far higher than their official estimate of 64. In a report to Congress, the commonwealth's government says documents show that 1,427 more deaths occurred in the four months after Hurricane Maria than "normal," compared with deaths that occurred the previous four years. The 1,427 figure also appears in a report published July 9.

August 28, 2018 - The Puerto Rican government raises its official death toll from Maria to 2,975 after a report on storm fatalities is published by researchers at George Washington University. San Juan Mayor Carmen Yulín Cruz, a critic of the Trump administration, says local and federal government failed to provide needed aid. She says the botched recovery effort led to preventable deaths.

August 29, 2018 - Trump says the federal government's response to the disaster was "fantastic." He says problems with the island's aging infrastructure created challenges for rescue workers.

September 4, 2018 - The US Government Accountability Office releases a report revealing that the Federal Emergency Management Agency was so overwhelmed with other storms by the time Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico that more than half of the workers it was deploying to disasters were known to be unqualified for the jobs they were doing in the field.

September 13, 2018 - In a tweet, Trump denies that nearly 3,000 people died in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria.

READ MORE: 8 numbers that show how Maria has laid waste to Puerto Rico.

Minnesota Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 589527

Reported Deaths: 7333
CountyCasesDeaths
Hennepin1221311726
Ramsey51028871
Dakota45667448
Anoka41421437
Washington26724281
Stearns22139221
St. Louis17682302
Scott17201124
Wright15943139
Olmsted1319098
Sherburne1160286
Carver1044945
Clay812792
Rice8014106
Blue Earth746141
Crow Wing660988
Kandiyohi652083
Chisago592551
Otter Tail572978
Benton565997
Goodhue475772
Douglas464674
Mower464032
Winona452950
Itasca432254
McLeod421658
Isanti417364
Morrison417360
Nobles407248
Beltrami392458
Steele384915
Polk382468
Becker378850
Lyon359850
Carlton344153
Freeborn341129
Pine326722
Nicollet323843
Brown304640
Mille Lacs302452
Le Sueur289222
Todd280632
Cass269628
Meeker254340
Waseca236522
Martin229831
Roseau207919
Wabasha20483
Hubbard187141
Dodge18373
Renville178943
Redwood172936
Houston171515
Cottonwood164321
Fillmore155510
Wadena155122
Pennington153619
Chippewa151838
Faribault151319
Kanabec143424
Sibley142510
Aitkin134236
Watonwan13219
Rock128019
Jackson121711
Pipestone115126
Yellow Medicine113820
Pope10956
Murray10609
Swift104918
Stevens90211
Marshall88017
Clearwater86416
Koochiching81715
Lake80819
Wilkin80712
Lac qui Parle75022
Big Stone5984
Lincoln5773
Grant5678
Mahnomen5459
Norman5399
Unassigned48793
Kittson48522
Red Lake3957
Traverse3685
Lake of the Woods3223
Cook1610

Iowa Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 366197

Reported Deaths: 5929
CountyCasesDeaths
Polk57488623
Linn20814334
Scott19960240
Black Hawk15785308
Woodbury15121228
Johnson1445783
Dubuque13355209
Dallas1116198
Pottawattamie11091168
Story1059248
Warren575888
Clinton554393
Cerro Gordo538089
Sioux513874
Webster512193
Marshall482175
Muscatine477499
Des Moines454366
Wapello4297122
Buena Vista424540
Jasper418672
Plymouth400680
Lee375055
Marion361775
Jones298157
Henry291137
Carroll285452
Bremer283960
Crawford265840
Boone263934
Benton256055
Washington253950
Dickinson247843
Mahaska229951
Jackson221242
Clay215325
Kossuth215264
Delaware209240
Tama209271
Winneshiek196934
Page192622
Buchanan190731
Cedar189423
Hardin184943
Fayette184841
Wright184336
Hamilton179449
Harrison179373
Clayton169256
Butler164634
Mills161722
Madison161519
Floyd160342
Cherokee158738
Lyon157741
Poweshiek154733
Allamakee151151
Iowa148324
Hancock147634
Winnebago141731
Calhoun138113
Cass137954
Grundy136233
Emmet134040
Jefferson132435
Shelby130737
Sac130119
Union128133
Appanoose128049
Louisa127849
Mitchell126042
Chickasaw123915
Guthrie121030
Franklin119321
Humboldt118826
Palo Alto112523
Howard104522
Montgomery103338
Clarke99924
Unassigned9770
Keokuk95631
Monroe95129
Ida90334
Adair86432
Pocahontas85322
Davis82824
Monona82830
Osceola78516
Greene77610
Lucas77123
Worth7438
Taylor65712
Fremont6229
Decatur6089
Van Buren55618
Ringgold55524
Wayne53723
Audubon50810
Adams3384
Rochester
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